Industrial pollution is a growing problem in developing countries, because they cause enormous environmental damage and also affect human health. Fortunately, researchers from the University of Florida have developed a new technology that will help to better protect their environment.
The depths of the oceans cover many of the secrets that are only being learned. Some of them may prove to be very useful and one of them was able to uncover a team of scientists from the University of Florida. Researchers in the deep oceans have discovered a bacterium called Thiomicrospira crunogena, characterized by unusual properties.
This microbe is capable of neutralizing carbon dioxide, which is the result of the burning of fossil fuels. The bacterium produces an enzyme called carbonic anhydrase, converting carbon dioxide into harmless bicarbonate, which is used in the industry for the production of chalk and soda. Importantly, the enzyme is capable of withstanding high temperatures, as the bacteria are most commonly found near hydrothermal chimneys where there is high pressure and temperature.
The good news is that the enzyme does not need to be collected at the bottom of the oceans. After a careful examination, it was found that it could be artificially produced in laboratories using genetically modified bacteria
Scientists have already created a prototype of a special reactor that can purify carbon dioxide. This opens the way to completely new ways of taking care of the environment. It is enough to place such equipment in large industrial complexes, and this will significantly reduce the amount of carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere.